Group Name

The DeepQA Research Team


2015

Commonsense Reasoning: An Event Calculus Based Approach

E T Mueller
Morgan Kaufmann/Elsevier, 2015

2013

Tools and Methods for Building Watson

Eric Brown, Eddie Epstein, J William Murdock, Tong-Haing Fin
IBM Research Report RC25356, 2013
Abstract

Distant Supervision for Relation Extraction with an Incomplete Knowledge Base

Bonan Min, Ralph Grishman, Li Wan, Chang Wang, David Gondek
The 2013 Conference of the North American Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Human Language Technologies (NAACL 2013)

Multiscale Manifold Learning

Chang Wang and Sridhar Mahadevan
The 27th AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI 2013)

Manifold Alignment Preserving Global Geometry

Chang Wang and Sridhar Mahadevan
The 23rd International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence (IJCAI 2013),

Watson: Beyond Jeopardy!

D Ferrucci, A Levas, S Bagchi, D Gondek, E T Mueller
Artificial Intelligence199-200, 93-105, Elsevier, 2013
Abstract

2012

Question answering in natural language narratives using symbolic probabilistic reasoning

H Hajishirzi, E T Mueller
Proceedings of the Twenty-Fifth International Florida Artificial Intelligence Research Society Conference, 2012

Question analysis: How Watson reads a clue

A. Lally, J. M. Prager, M. C. McCord, B. K. Boguraev, S. Patwardhan, J. Fan, P. Fodor, J. Chu-Carroll
IBM Journal of Research and Development 56(3.4), 2--1, IBM, 2012

Fact-based question decomposition in DeepQA

A. Kalyanpur, S. Patwardhan, B. K. Boguraev, A. Lally, J. Chu-Carroll
IBM Journal of Research and Development 56(3.4), 2012

When Did that Happen? -- Linking Events and Relations to Timestamps

D. Hovy, J. Fan, A. Gliozzo, S. Patwardhan, C. Welty
Proceedings of the 13th Conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics, 2012

Labeling by Landscaping: Classifying Tokens in Context by Pruning and Decorating Trees

S. Patwardhan, B. Boguraev, A. Agarwal, A. Moschitti, J. Chu-Carroll
Proceedings of CIKM '12: International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management, 2012

A Comparison of Hard Filters and Soft Evidence for Answer Typing in Watson

C. Welty, J.W. Murdock, A. Kalyanpur, J. Fan
The 11th International Semantic Web Conference (ISWC), 2012

A framework for merging and ranking of answers in DeepQA

DC Gondek, A. Lally, A. Kalyanpur, JW Murdock, P. Duboue, L. Zhang, Y. Pan, ZM Qiu, C. Welty
IBM Journal of Research and Development 56(3/4), 14, 2012

Relation extraction and scoring in DeepQA

C. Wang, A. Kalyanpur, J. Fan, BK Boguraev, DC Gondek
IBM Journal of Research and Development 56(3/4), 9, 2012

Automatic knowledge extraction from documents

J. Fan, A. Kalyanpur, DC Gondek, DA Ferrucci
IBM Journal of Research and Development 56(3/4), 5, 2012

Typing candidate answers using type coercion

JW Murdock, A Kalyanpur, C Welty, J Fan, DA Ferrucci, DC Gondek, L Zhang, H Kanayama
IBM Journal of Research and Development 56(3/4), 7:1 - 7:13, IBM, 2012
Abstract

Deep parsing in Watson

MC McCord, JW Murdock, BK Boguraev
IBM Journal of Research and Development 56(3/4), 3:1 - 3:15, 2012

Structured Data and Inference in DeepQA

A. Kalyanpur, B. Boguraev, S. Patwardhan, J.W. Murdock, A. Lally, C. Welty, J. Prager, B. Coppola, A. Fokoue
IBM Journal of Research and Development 56(3/4), 10:1 - 10:14, IBM, 2012

Special Questions and Techniques

J. Prager, E. Brown, J. Chu-Carroll
IBM Journal of Research and Development 56(3-4), 11--1, IBM, 2012

Finding needles in the haystack: Search and candidate generation

J. Chu-Carroll, J. Fan, BK Boguraev, D. Carmel, D. Sheinwald, C. Welty
IBM Journal of Research and Development 56(3/4), 2012

Textual resource acquisition and engineering

J Chu-Carroll, J Fan, N Schlaefer, W. Zadrozny
IBM Journal of Research and Development 56(3-4), 2012

Question analysis: How Watson reads a clue

A. Lally, J. M. Prager, M. C. McCord, B. K. Boguraev, S. Patwardhan, J. Fan, P. Fodor, J. Chu-Carroll
IBM Journal of Research and Development 56(3/4), 2012

Identifying implicit relationships

J. Chu-Carroll, E. W. Brown, A. Lally, J. W. Murdock
IBM Journal of Research and Development 56(3/4), 12:1 - 12:10, 2012

Textual evidence gathering and analysis

J. W. Murdock, J. Fan, A. Lally, H. Shima, B. K. Boguraev
IBM Journal of Research and Development 56(3/4), 8:1 - 8:14, 2012
Abstract

Structured data and inference in DeepQA

A. Kalyanpur, B. K. Boguraev, S. Patwardhan, J. W. Murdock, A. Lally, C. Welty, C.; J. M. Prager, B. Coppola, A. Fokoue-Nkoutche, L. Zhang, Y. Pan, Z. M. Qiu
IBM Journal of Research and Development 56(3.4), 2012

Fact-based question decomposition in DeepQA

A. Kalyanpur, S. Patwardhan, BK Boguraev, A. Lally, J. Chu-Carroll
IBM Journal of Research and Development 56(3/4), 13, 2012

Statistical Approaches to Question Answering in Watson

J. W. Murdock, G. Tesauro
Mathematics Awareness Month theme essay, Joint Policy Board for Mathematics (JPBM), 2012

Making Watson fast

E. A. Epstein, M. I. Schor, B. Iyer, A. Lally, E. W. Brown, J. Cwiklik
IBM Journal of Research and Development 56(3.4), 15--1, IBM, 2012

2011

Reasoning about RoboCup soccer narratives

H Hajishirzi, E Amir, E T Mueller, J Hockenmaier
Proceedings of the Twenty-Seventh Conference on Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence, AUAI Press, 2011

Symbolic probabilistic reasoning for narratives

H Hajishirzi, E T Mueller
Logical Formalizations of Commonsense Reasoning: Papers from the 2011 AAAI Spring Symposium, AAAI Press

Mining Knowledge from Large Corpora for Type Coercion in Question Answering

James Fan, Aditya Kalyanpur, J. William Murdock, and Branimir K. Boguraev
Web Scale Knowledge Extraction (WEKEX) Workshop at International Semantic Web Conference, 2011

Mining Knowledge from Large Corpora for Type Coercion in Question Answering

James Fan, Aditya Kalyanpur, J. William Murdock and Branimir K. Boguraev
Web Scale Knowledge Extraction (WEKEX) Workshop at International Semantic Web Conference, 2011

Statistical source expansion for question answering

Nico Schlaefer, Jennifer Chu-Carroll, Eric Nyberg, James Fan, Wlodek Zadrozny, David Ferrucci
CIKM '11 Proceedings of the 20th ACM international conference on Information and knowledge management , 2011

Fact-Based Question Decomposition for Candidate Answer Re-Ranking

Aditya Kalyanpur, Siddharth Patwardhan, Branimir Boguraev, Adam Lally, and Jennifer Chu-Carroll
Proceedings of the ACM Conference on Information and Knowledge Management (CIKM), 2011, pp. 2045--2048

Relation Extraction with Relation Topics

Chang Wang, James Fan, Aditya Kalyanpur, and David Gondek
The 2011 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing (EMNLP 2011).

Using Syntactic and Semantic Structural Kernels for Classifying Definition Questions in Jeopardy!

A Moschitti, J Chu-Carroll, S Patwardhan, J Fan, G Riccardi
Proceedings of the Conference on Empirical Methods for Natural Language Processing, pp. 73--76, 2011

Leveraging Community-built Knowledge for Type Coercion in Question Answering

Aditya Kalyanpur, J William Murdock, James Fan, Chris Welty
International Semantic Web Conference (ISWC 2011). Winner of the Best Paper Award (In-Use Track), pp. 144--156, Springer

Structure Mapping for Jeopardy! Clues

J William Murdock
19th International Conference on Case Based Reasoning (ICCBR'11), pp. 6-10, Springer-Verlag, 2011

2010

Learning to Predict Readability using Diverse Linguistic Features

Rohit Kate, Xiaoqiang Luo, Siddharth Patwardhan, Martin Franz, Radu Florian, Raymond Mooney, Salim Roukos, Chris Welty
Proceedings of the 23rd International Conference on Computational Linguistics, pp. 546--554, 2010

Prismatic: Inducing knowledge from a large scale lexicalized relation resource

J Fan, D Ferrucci, D Gondek, A Kalyanpur
Proceedings of the NAACL HLT 2010 First International Workshop on Formalisms and Methodology for Learning by Reading, pp. 122--127

Building Watson: An overview of the DeepQA project

D. Ferrucci, E. Brown, J. Chu-Carroll, J. Fan, D. Gondek, A.A. Kalyanpur, A. Lally, J.W. Murdock, E. Nyberg, J. Prager, others
AI Magazine 31(3), 59--79, American Association for Artificial Intelligence, 2010

2009

Automating commonsense reasoning using the event calculus

E T Mueller
Communications of the ACM 52(1), 113--117, 2009
Abstract

Towards the Open Advancement of Question Answering Systems

D Ferrucci, E Nyberg, J Allan, K Barker, E Brown, J Chu-Carroll, A Ciccolo, P Duboue, J Fan, D Gondek, E Hovy, B Katz, A Lally, M McCord, P Morarescu, J. William Murdock, B Porter, J Prager, T Strzalkowski, C Welty, W Zadrozny
IBM Research Report RC24789, IBM Research Report. RC24789 (W0904-093), IBM Research, New York, 2009