Physics       


IBM Research has been home to numerous physicists who have produced seminal advances in many disciplines and fields of study. Innovations discovered and developed here include: Dynamic Random Access Memory (DRAM), field effect transistor scaling laws, semiconductor super lattice structures, specialized lasers and thin film magnetic recording heads, as well as advances in optical communications and electron microscopy.

Five IBM physicists have received the Nobel Prize for Physics: Leo Esaki in 1973 for his work in semiconductors; Gerd Bining and Heinrich Rohrer in 1986 for the scanning tunneling microscope; and Georg Bednorz and Alex Mueller in 1987 for research in superconductivity.

 

  1. 1947:  Magnetic Core Memory
  2. 1957:  Landauer Formalism - Conductance must come in Quantized Units
  3. 1958:  Quantum Tunnelling
  4. 1960:  Thin Film Heads
  5. 1966:  Tunable Lasers
  6. 1966:  Two-Dimensional Electron Gas (2DEG)
  7. 1967:  Josephson Junctions
  8. 1968:  DRAM - 1 Transistor RAM
  9. 1974:  Dennard Scaling (aka Why Moore's Law also speeds up transistors in Lay Terms)
  10. 1978:  Scanning Tunneling Microscope (1986 Nobel Prize Winner)
  11. 1982:  Thermodynamics of Computation
  12. 1983:  High Temperature Superconductors (1987 Nobel Prize Winner)
  13. 1990:  Moving Atoms
  14. 1991:  RFID
  15. 1993:  Quantum Teleportation
  16. 1993:  Seminal Contributions to the Theoretical Foundation of Quantum Information Processing
  17. 1994:  High-Speed Silicon-Germanium Electronics
  18. 1997:  GMR - Giant Magnetoresistive Heads
  19. 1998:  Copper Interconnect
  20. 2002:  SOI: Silicon on Insulator
  21. 2002:  Theory of Nanoscale Material
  22. 2007:  High-K Gate Dieletric
  23. 2008:  Racetrack Memory
  24. 2008:  Cooling 3D Chips
  25. 20??:  Non-Planar Devices
  26. 2012:  Holey Optochip - 1 Terabit per Second Optical Bus
  27. 2013:  Millimeter Wave

 

List of prominent IBM physicists at the American Institute of Physicists.

Image credit: Scanning tunneling microscope IBM

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