John M. Prager  John M. Prager photo       

contact information

RSM
Thomas J. Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights, NY USA
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links

Professional Associations

Professional Associations:  ACM SIGIR  |  American Medical Informatics Association  |  Association for Computational Linguistics


2017

SemanticFind: Locating What You Want in a Patient Record, Not Just What You Ask For
J.M.Prager, J.J.Liang, M.V.Devarakonda
2017 AMIA Joint Summits on Translational Science
Abstract


2014

WatsonPaths: Scenario-based Question Answering and Inference over Unstructured Information.
A. Lally, S. Bachi, M. Barborak, D. Buchanan, J. Chu-Carroll, D. Ferrucci, M, Glass, A. Kalyanpur, E. Mueller, J.W. Murdock, S. Patwardhan, J. Prager, C.Welty
Technical Report, IBM Research Report RC25489, 2014

Question Answering
J.M. Prager
Oxford Handbook of Computational Linguistics, 2nd Edition, R. Mitkov, Ed., Oxford University Press, 2014


2013

Analysis of Watson's Strategies for Playing Jeopardy!
G. Tesauro, D. G. Gondek, J. Lenchner, J. Fan and J. M. Prager
JAIR47, 205-251, 2013
Abstract


2012

Special Questions and Techniques
J. Prager, E. Brown, J. Chu-Carroll
IBM Journal of Research and Development 56(3-4), 11--1, IBM, 2012

Occupation inference through detection and classification of biographical activities
E. Filatova, J. Prager
Data \& Knowledge Engineering, Elsevier, 2012

Simulation, learning, and optimization techniques in Watson's game strategies
G. Tesauro, DC Gondek, J. Lenchner, J. Fan, JM Prager
IBM Journal of Research and Development 56(3.4), 16--1, IBM, 2012

Structured Data and Inference in DeepQA
A. Kalyanpur, B. Boguraev, S. Patwardhan, J.W. Murdock, A. Lally, C. Welty, J. Prager, B. Coppola, A. Fokoue
IBM Journal of Research and Development 56(3/4), 10:1 - 10:14, IBM, 2012

Question analysis: How Watson reads a clue
A. Lally, J. M. Prager, M. C. McCord, B. K. Boguraev, S. Patwardhan, J. Fan, P. Fodor, J. Chu-Carroll
IBM Journal of Research and Development 56(3.4), 2--1, IBM, 2012


2010

Building Watson: An overview of the DeepQA project
D. Ferrucci, E. Brown, J. Chu-Carroll, J. Fan, D. Gondek, A.A. Kalyanpur, A. Lally, J.W. Murdock, E. Nyberg, J. Prager, others
AI Magazine 31(3), 59--79, American Association for Artificial Intelligence, 2010


2009

Towards the Open Advancement of Question Answering Systems
D Ferrucci, E Nyberg, J Allan, K Barker, E Brown, J Chu-Carroll, A Ciccolo, P Duboue, J Fan, D Gondek, E Hovy, B Katz, A Lally, M McCord, P Morarescu, J. William Murdock, B Porter, J Prager, T Strzalkowski, C Welty, W Zadrozny
IBM Research Report RC24789, IBM Research Report. RC24789 (W0904-093), IBM Research, New York, 2009


2007

Type nanotheories: a framework for term comparison
J. Prager, S. Luger, J. Chu-Carroll
Proceedings of the sixteenth ACM conference on Conference on information and knowledge management, pp. 701--710, ACM, 2007

An experimental study of the impact of information extraction accuracy on semantic search performance
J. Chu-Carroll, J. Prager
Proceedings of the sixteenth ACM conference on Conference on information and knowledge management, pp. 505--514, ACM, 2007


2006

Open-Domain Question-Answering
J. Prager
Foundations and Trends\textregistered in Information Retrieval 1(2), 91--231, Ambrac Information Management, 2006

Semantic search via XML fragments: a high-precision approach to IR
J. Chu-Carroll, J. Prager, K. Czuba, D. Ferrucci, P. Duboue
Proceedings of the 29th annual international ACM SIGIR conference on Research and development in information retrieval, pp. 445--452, ACM, 2006

Question answering by predictive annotation
J Prager, J Chu-Carroll, E Brown, K Czuba
Advances in Open Domain Question Answering, 307--347, Springer, 2006

IBM in TREC 2006 enterprise track
J. Chu-Carroll, G. Averboch, P. Duboue, D. Gondek, J.W. Murdock, J. Prager, P. Hoffmann, J. Wiebe
Proceedings of the Fifteenth Text REtrieval Conference (TREC 2006)

Improving QA accuracy by question inversion
J Prager, P Duboue, J Chu-Carroll
ANNUAL MEETING-ASSOCIATION FOR COMPUTATIONAL LINGUISTICS, pp. 1073--1080, 2006

IBM's PIQUANT II in TREC2005
Chu-Carroll, J., Czuba, , K., Duboue, P. and Prager, J.M.
Proceedings of TREC2005, 2006

Query Modulation for Web-based Question Answering
D Radev, H Qi, Z Zheng, S Blair-Goldensohn, Z Zhang, W Fan, J Prager
Advances in Open Domain Question Answering, 285--303, Springer, 2006

Open-domain Question-Answering
John Prager
Found. Trends Inf. Retr.1, 91--231, Now Publishers Inc., 2006
Abstract


2005

17 IBM Research Activities at TREC
E.W. Brawn, D. Carmel, M. Franz, A. Ittycheriah, T. Kanungo, Y. Maarek, J.S. McCarley, R.L. Mack, J.M. Prager, J.R. Smith, others
TREC: experiment and evaluation in information retrieval, 397, The MIT Press, 2005

IBM's PIQUANT II in TREC2004
J.Chu-Carroll, K. Czuba, J. Prager, A. Ittycheriah, S. Blair-Goldensohn
NIST Text Retrieval Conference (TREC), pp. 184--191, 2005

Tell me what you do and I'll tell you what you are: learning occupation-related activities for biographies
E. Filatova, J. Prager
Proceedings of the conference on Human Language Technology and Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing, pp. 113--120, 2005

IBM's PIQUANT II in TREC2004
JC Carroll, K Czuba, J Prager, A Ittycheriah, S Blair-Goldensohn
NIST Special Publication 500-261: Proceedings of the Thirteenth Text REtrieval Conference (TREC 2004), 2005

Tell me what you do and I'll tell you what you are: learning occupation-related activities for biographies
Elena Filatova, John Prager
Proceedings of the conference on Human Language Technology and Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing, pp. 113--120, Association for Computational Linguistics, 2005
Abstract

IBM Research Activities at TREC
Brown, E.W., Mack, R.L., Kanungo, T., Maarek, Y, Prager, J.M., Smith, J.R., Soffer, A., Zien, J.Y.
TREC: Experiment and Evaluation in Information Retrieval, pp. 397-420, Ellen Voorhees and Donna Harman (Eds.), MIT Press, 2005


2004

IBM's PIQUANT II in TREC 2004
J. Chu-Carroll, K. Czuba, J. Prager, A. Ittycheriah, S. Blair-Goldensohn
Proceedings TREC, 2004

Question answering using constraint satisfaction: QA-by-Dossier-with-Constraints
J Prager, J Chu-Carroll, K Czuba
Proceedings of the 42nd Annual Meeting on Association for Computational Linguistics, pp. 574, 2004

IBM's PIQUANT II in TREC2004
K Czuba, J Chu-Carroll, J Prager, A Ittycheriah, S. Blair-Goldensohn
Proceedings of Text Retrieval Conference (TREC2004), NIST

A Multi-Strategy, Multi-Question Approach to Question Answering
J.M. Prager, J. Chu-Carroll, and K. Czuba
New Directions in Question-Answering, Maybury, M. (Ed.), AAAI Press, 2004

Question Answering using Constraint Satisfaction: QA-by-Dossier-with-Constraints
Prager, J.M., Chu-Carroll, J. and Czuba, K.
Proceedings 42nd ACL, pp. 575-582, 2004


2003

IBM Research Activities at TREC
E.W. Brown, D. Carmel, M. Franz, A. Ittycheriah, T. Kanungo, Y. Maarek, J.S. McCarley, R.L. Mack, J.M. Prager, J.R. Smith, others
2003 - kanungo.com, Citeseer

Challenges in Information Retrieval and Language Modeling
James Allan (editor), Jay Aslam, Nicholas Belkin, Chris Buckley, Jamie Callan, Bruce Croft (editor), Sue Dumais, Norbert Fuhr, Donna Harman, David J. Harper, Djoerd Hiemstra, Thomas Hofmann, Eduard Hovy, Wessel Kraaij, John Lafferty, Victor Lavrenko, Davi
SIGIR Forum , pp. 26-47, The MIT Press, 2003

Hybridization in question answering systems
J Chu-Carroll, D Ferrucci, J Prager, C Welty
Working Notes of the AAAI Spring Symposium on New Directions, pp. 116--121, 2003

IBM's PIQUANT in TREC2003
J. Prager, J. Chu-Carroll, K. Czuba, C. Welty, A. Ittycheriah, R. Mahindru
Technical Report, DTIC Document, 2003

In question answering, two heads are better than one
J Chu-Carroll, K Czuba, J Prager, A Ittycheriah
Proceedings of the 2003 Conference of the North American Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics, pp. 24--31, Association for Computational Linguistics
Abstract

A Multi-Strategy and Multi-Source Approach to Question Answering
J. Chu-Carroll, J Prager, C Welty, K Czuba, D Ferrucci
In Proceedings of Text REtrieval Conference TREC2002, NIST, 2003

Two Heads are Better than One in Question-Answering
Chu-Carroll, J., Czuba, K., Prager, J.M., and Ittycheriah, A.
HLT-NAACL'03, 2003

Challenges in Information Retrieval and Language Modeling
James Allan (editor), Jay Aslam, Nicholas Belkin, Chris Buckley, Jamie Callan, Bruce Croft (editor), Sue Dumais, Norbert Fuhr, Donna Harman, David J. Harper, Djoerd Hiemstra, Thomas Hofmann, Eduard Hovy, Wessel Kraaij, John Lafferty, Victor Lavrenko, Davi
SIGIR Forum 37(1), 26-47, 2003


2002

A hybrid approach to natural language Web search
J. Chu-Carroll, J. Prager, Y. Ravin, C. Cesar
Proceedings of the ACL-02 conference on Empirical methods in natural language processing-Volume 10, pp. 180--187, Association for Computational Linguistics, 2002

Statistical answer-type identification in open-domain question answering
J. Prager, J. Chu-Carroll, K. Czuba
Proceedings of the second international conference on Human Language Technology Research, pp. 150--156, Morgan Kaufmann Publishers Inc., 2002

Use of WordNet Hypernyms for Answering What-Is Questions---DRAFT
J. Prager, J. Chu-Carroll, K. Czuba
Carroll, K Czuba - 2002 - egr.msu.edu

A multi-strategy and multi-source approach to question answering
J Chu-Carroll, J Prager, C Welty, K Czuba, D Ferrucci
Proceedings of the 11th Text REtrieval Conference, pp. 281--288, Citeseer, 2002


In Question-Answering, Hit-List Size Matters
JM Prager
IBM TJ Watson Research Center Research Report\# RC22297, 2002

A Curriculum-Based Approach to a QA Roadmap
J Prager
LREC 2002 Workshop on Question Answering: Strategy and Resources

Statistical Answer-Type Identification in Open-Domain Question-Answerin
Prager, J.M., Chu-Carroll, J. and Czuba, K.
HLT 2002


2001

Answering What-ls Questions by Virtual Annotation
J. Prager, D. Radev, K. Czuba
HLT 2001: Human Language Technology Conference: Proceedings of HLT 2001: First International Conference on Human Language Technology Research: March 18-21, 2001, San Diego, California, pp. 26

On Turing
J. Prager
2001 - Wadsworth Pub Co, Wadsworth Pub Co

Answering What-Is Questions by Virtual Annotation
Prager, J.M., Radev, D.R. and Czuba, K.
In Proceedings of the Human Language Technology Conference, HLT 2001, pp. 1--5, Association for Computational Linguistics

One search engine or two for question-answering
J Prager, E Brown, D R Radev, K Czuba
Proceedings of TREC9, 2001

Mining the Web for Answers to Natural Language Questions
D R Radev12, H Qi, Z Zheng, S Blair-Goldensohn, Z Zhang, W Fan, J Prager
Proceedings of the 2001 ACM CIKM: Tenth International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management, pp. 143, ACM


2000

Question-Answering by Predictive Annotation
Prager, J.M., Brown, E.W., Coden, A. and Radev, R.
Proceedings of SIGIR 2000, pp. 184-191

Linguini: Language identification for multilingual documents
J M Prager
Journal of Management Information Systems 16(3), 71-101, 2000

Anti-serendipity: finding useless documents and similar documents
J W Cooper, J M Prager
Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, 2000, pp. 8

Ranking suspected answers to natural language questions using predictive annotation
Dragomir R Radev, John Prager, Valerie Samn
Proceedings of the sixth conference on Applied natural language processing, pp. 150--157, Association for Computational Linguistics, 2000
Abstract

The Use of Predictive Annotation for Question-Answering in TREC8
Prager, J.M., Radev, R., Brown, E.W, Coden, A. & Samn, V.
Proceedings of TREC8, 2000


1999

The Use of Predictive Annotation for Question Answering in TREC8
J. Prager, D. Radev, E. W. Brown, A. Coden, V. Samn
TREC 1999, pp. 4, Citeseer


1997

Segmentation Processes in the VISIONS System
Prager, J.M., Nagin, P., Kohler, R., Hanson, A.R., & Riseman, E.M.
5th International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, pp. 642-645, 1997


1995

Lexical Assistance at the Information-Retrieval User Interface
Byrd, R., Ravin, Y. & Prager, J.M.
Fourth Annual Symposium on Document Analysis and Information Retrieval, IBM TJ Watson Research Center, 1995

Document Rank Normalization across Collections
Prager, J.M.
IBM T.J. Watson Research Center Research Report, 1995


1994

Lexical assistance at the information-retrieval user interface
R J Byrd, Y Ravin, J Prager
1994 - IBM TJ Watson Research Center, IBM TJ Watson Research Center


1991

Advice-giving using REASON: an intelligent assistant for interactive computing
PM Lamberti, J M Prager
Artificial Intelligence Applications, 1991, pp. 428--434


1990

REASON: An intelligent user assistant for interactive environments
J M Prager, D M Lamberti, D L Gardner, S R Balzac
IBM Systems Journal 29(1), 141--164, IBM, 1990


1986

CMSSHELL V.2.04 - An Extension to the CMS Command Environment
Prager, J.M.
IBM Cambridge Scientific Center Technical Report ZZ20-6021, IBM Corp., 1986


1983

Computing the optic flow: The MATCH algorithm and prediction
J M Prager, M A Arbib
Computer Vision, Graphics, and Image Processing 24(3), 271--304, Elsevier, 1983

The project automated librarian
J M Prager
IBM Systems Journal 22(3), 214--228, IBM, 1983


1982

POLITE: Personal On Line Integrated Text Editor
Prager, J.M. & Borkin, S.A.
Rivista di Informatica (Italy) XI(supp. ed. no. 4), 1982


1981

Some Issues in the Design of an Editor-formatter for Structured Documents
S A Borkin, J M Prager
IBM Cambridge Scientific Center Technical Report G320-2136, IBM Corporation, 1981


1980

Extracting and labeling boundary segments in natural scenes
J M Prager
Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, IEEE Transactions on pp. 1, 16--27, IEEE, 1980


1979

POLITE project progress report
JM Prager, SA Borkin
1979 - IBM, IBM


1978

ROM's Robot Review Part III: Walking through the Woods
Karshmer, A.I. & Prager, J.M.
Creative Computing 4(4), 1978


Year Unknown

TREC9 QA-Track Notebook Paper, NIST, Gaithersburg MD, 2000.
J. Prager, E. Brown, D.R. Radev, K. Czuba
ukpmc.ac.uk, 0

Session: World Wide Web> toc Mining the web for answers to natural language questions
D.R. Radev, H. Qi, Z. Zheng, S. Blair-Goldensohn, Z. Zhang, W. Fan, J. Prager
Goldensohn, Z Zhang, W Fan, J Prager - iicm.tugraz.at, 0

A Multi-Strategy and Multi-Source Approach to
J. Chu-carroll, J. Prager, C. Welty, K. Czuba, D. Ferrucci
carroll, J Prager, C Welty, K Czuba, D Ferrucci - ukpmc.ac.uk, 0

Language Processing (EMNLP), Philadelphia, July 2002, pp. 265-272.
K. Czuba, J. Prager, J. Chu-Carroll
Carroll, 0