Miroslav Novak received the M.S. degree (Ing.) in electrical engineering from Czech Technical University, Czech Republic in 1992 and the Ph.D. degree in electrical and computer engineering from Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey in 2002. He is currently a Research Staff Member at IBM T.J. Watson Research Center, where he has been a member of the Speech group since 1993. His primary research interests include large vocabulary-speech recognition and efficient algorithms for speech recognition.