High Temperature Superconductors (1987 Nobel Prize Winner)     

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High Temperature Superconductors (1987 Nobel Prize Winner) - overview


Physics Accomplishment | 1983

IBM researchers: Georg Bednorz and K. Alex Müller

Where the work was done: IBM Zurich Research Lab

What we accomplishedBednorz (left) and Müller (right) discovered superconductors of electricity at temperatures far above absolute zero (-273 degrees Celsius / -459 degrees Fahrenheit). This discovery enabled the use of superconductors for many more applications and at lower cost, although the actual temperatures are still quite low, e.g. -200 degrees Fahrenheit, and require liquid nitrogen for cooling. Liquid nitrogen, however, is relatively common for industrial uses. Far more exotic techniques were needed for traditional semiconductors.

Related links: 1987 Nobel Prize Press Release

Image credit: A Smarter Planet Blog. IBM Fellows and Nobel Laureates, J. Georg Bednorz (left) and K. Alex Müller (right) in 1986.

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