The DeepQA Research Team - Influential Work

Chu-Carroll, J.; Czuba, K.; Prager, J. M.; and Ittycheriah, A. 2003. Two Heads Are Better Than One in Question- Answering. Paper presented at the Human Language Technology Conference, Edmonton, Canada, 27 May–1 June.

Dredze, M.; Crammer, K.; and Pereira, F. 2008. Confidence- Weighted Linear Classification. In Proceedings of the Twenty-Fifth International Conference on Machine Learning (ICML). Princeton, NJ: International Machine Learning Society.

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Ferrucci, D., and Lally, A. 2004. UIMA: An Architectural Approach to Unstructured Information Processing in the Corporate Research Environment. Natural Langage Engineering 10(3–4): 327–348.

Ferrucci, D.; Nyberg, E.; Allan, J.; Barker, K.; Brown, E.; Chu-Carroll, J.; Ciccolo, A.; Duboue, P.; Fan, J.; Gondek, D.; Hovy, E.; Katz, B.; Lally, A.; McCord, M.; Morarescu, P.; Murdock, W.; Porter, B.; Prager, J.; Strzalkowski, T.; Welty, W.; and Zadrozny, W. 2009. Towards the Open Advancement of Question Answer Systems. IBM Technical Report RC24789, Yorktown Heights, NY.

Herbrich, R.; Graepel, T.; and Obermayer, K. 2000. Large Margin Rank Boundaries for Ordinal Regression. In Advances in Large Margin Classifiers, 115–132. Linköping, Sweden: Liu E-Press.

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Hsu, F.-H. 2002. Behind Deep Blue: Building the Computer That Defeated the World Chess Champion. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

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Joachims, T. 2002. Optimizing Search Engines Using Clickthrough Data. In Proceedings of the Thirteenth ACM Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining (KDD). New York: Association for Computing Machinery.

Ko, J.; Nyberg, E.; and Luo Si, L. 2007. A Probabilistic Graphical Model for Joint Answer Ranking in Question Answering. In Proceedings of the 30th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference, 343–350. New York: Association for Computing Machinery.

Lenat, D. B. 1995. Cyc: A Large-Scale Investment in Knowledge Infrastructure. Communications of the ACM 38(11): 33–38.

Maybury, Mark, ed. 2004. New Directions in Question- Answering. Menlo Park, CA: AAAI Press.

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Moldovan, D.; Clark, C.; Harabagiu, S.; and Maiorano, S. 2003. COGEX: A Logic Prover for Question Answering. Paper presented at the Human Language Technology Conference, Edmonton, Canada, 27 May–1 June..

Paritosh, P., and Forbus, K. 2005. Analysis of Strategic Knowledge in Back of the Envelope Reasoning. In Proceedings of the 20th AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI-05). Menlo Park, CA: AAAI Press.

Prager, J. M.; Chu-Carroll, J.; and Czuba, K. 2004. A Multi- Strategy, Multi-Question Approach to Question Answering. In New Directions in Question-Answering, ed. M. Maybury. Menlo Park, CA: AAAI Press.

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Strzalkowski, T., and Harabagiu, S., eds. 2006. Advances in Open-Domain Question-Answering. Berlin: Springer. Voorhees, E. M., and Dang, H. T. 2005. Overview of the TREC 2005 Question Answering Track. In Proceedings of the Fourteenth Text Retrieval Conference. Gaithersburg, MD: National Institute of Standards and Technology.

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