# Michael E Henderson

## contact information

Thomas J. Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights, NY USA

+19149451856

## links

### Professional Associations

**Professional Associations:**ACM | IEEE | Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics | Tau Beta Pi - The Engineering Honor Society

### more information

**More information:**Multifario | Fields Institute lecture (2001) on Multiparameter Continuation

### Multifario example -- the coaxially clamped twisted rod

This is joint work with Sebastien Neukirch

Classification of the spatial equilibria of the clamped elastica: numerical continuation of the solution set

M E Henderson, S Neukirch *International journal of bifurcation and chaos in applied sciences and engineering* *14*(*4*), 1223--1240, World Scientific Publishing Co., 2004

Classification of the spatial equilibria of the clamped elastica: symmetries and zoology of solutions

S Neukirch, M E Henderson *Journal of elasticity* *68*(*1*), 95--121, Springer, 2002

The basic geometry is a thin rod clamped so that the ends lie along a common line (the z-axis). One end may slide along the line. (Only one to eliminate the translational symmetry.) Equal opposing forces and torques are applied to each end. Points on the rod are given by a vector valued function

The tangent to the rod is

The governing equations are posed on half of the rod (to eliminate a symmetry about the center point). We have that

subject to the initial conditions

and final conditions

That's six differential equations with six initial conditions and two constraints. There are four parameters

so there are two degrees of freedom, and the solution manifold is a surface. We will plot it in the 3d projection

of the parameter space (because 4d is hard). Here is the surface looking down the f axis --

The yellow lines are closed rings. This is one extra boundary condition, so the closed rings line on curves in the parameter space. Here the configurations near the closed rings

Sebastien has a classification based on a winding number and an orientation, so that the surface is divided into regions like 4+ by the closed rings. Here are several of these subsurfaces (they go on infinitely in f)

Layer 1- |
Layer 1+ |

Layer 2- |
Layer 2+ |

Layer 3- |
Layer 3+ |

Layer 4- |
Layer 4+ |